There are three main categories for unicursal labyrinths:
Labyrinths are structures with one winding path which leads from the entrance of the design to the center of the labyrinth then returns back to the entrance on the same path. Labyrinths frequently have designated stopping or resting points along the way for participants to engage in prayer or meditation.
Mazes and labyrinths are created with a variety of materials. Builders can cut into the ground to make turf Labyrinths completen with walls and rooms. Some mazes and labyrinth paths are constructed with mirrors, rocks, corn stalks, hay bales, books or with different colored paving stones, string, sticks or paving tiles such as bricks. Permanent labyrinth are usually created using concrete, marble or granite to resist erosion. Many stone labyrinths can be found in Lapland, Finland and Sweden.
Semi-permanent labyrinths may be built using flowers that bloom in the spring. Make a bird seed maze or labyrinth and watch the birds flitter as they enjoy the delicious treats. Foliage is often used to create paths. Dwarf shrubs and hedges of foliage can be planted in a labyrinth pattern and maintained by gardeners. Temporary or semi-permanent labyrinths can be drawn or painted on the outside walls of churches, frequently near the entrance ways.
Creative cloth labyrinths may be constructed by sewing fabrics and carpet materials together.
Corn stalk mazes are common in the fall when farmers clear their fields. Labyrinths and mazes created out of crops or otherwise temporary and seasonal materials are frequently promoted as seasonal tourist attractions. Two good examples of crop mazes are the Dole Plantation Pineapple maze in Hawaii, and the Carter County Fairgrounds Corn Maze in Kentucky.
Images in Scissorcraft of Labyrinths and mazes can be printed and traced with pencil, crayons or fingertips or used as a guide to creating simple designs drawn into soft sand, or drawn on sidewalks and driveways with chalk for kids to enjoy.
Some institutions use labyrinths and mazes: