People have been making bread for over 30,000 years. Earliest recipes were made from pounding the starch extract from plant roots to create flat breads. Loaves from grain came about about 10,000 years ago.
Hardtack is the world's first processed bread product.
The name derives from the British sailor slang word for food: "tack".The Romans were the first people to grind seeds into flour on cone mills around 6000 BC. (Over 8,000 years ago!). The cracker-like bread was proven to be a reliable source of food which could be stored for a long time. Roman soldiers were provided hardtack as part of their daily rations. Egyptian sailors had their own version of hard tack, the dhourra cake, a flat brittle millet bread. In 10th century England, hard tack was referred to as a "biskit of muslin" mix barley, bean flour, rye.
Hardtack continues to be a staple in modern military rations worldwide and is currently a popular snack in many countries. The Alaskans indigenous people (Iñupiaq: qaqqulaq, Central Alaskan Yup'ik: sugg'aliq, Tlingit g_aatl) are among the last culture to make hardtack a significant part of a normal diet.
Virtually every cracker, dry biscuit or cookie in any store today owes its roots to hardtack
Preheat oven to 250° Combine flour and salt in the bowl. Slowly add water and mix the dough by hand till is comes together.
Roll the dough to about 1/4 inch thick. Use the nail or ice pick to poke holes in the dough to prevent puffing and uneven baking.
Cut into shapes about 1 1/2 to 2 inches and place on ungreased baking sheet. Bake 2 hours. Turn the biscuits over and bake an additional 2 hours. Total baking time is 4 hours.
Cool and allow to air dry. Seal in air tight containers. Properly stored, hard tack can last several years.
An organized kitchen is key to saving money on groceries. The less organized the kitchen, the more time is wasted looking for ingredients, finding substitutes, running to the neighbor's house to borrow or driving to the store to potentially pay more for the item in the long run.
Keep this list handy. When you get low or run out of something, cross it off the list or otherwise make a mark so you can plan for the next shopping trip, check sales and make plans on which stores to visit to save the most money. Keep these items on hand and you will always be ready for spur of the moment meals. Adjust can and bottles sizes and amounts according to your preferences.
Stock up on sale items! Realistially a 3 month supply of the basics is a good money saving goal. Most properly stored items can last for years regardless of sell by date. Items to buy in bulk for a more than 3 months supply include paper and chemical products such as toilet paper, paper towels, shampoos and soaps. You don't have to stock up for doom's day to save a few bucks but a supply to three weeks or longer will hold you over in emergencies.
Paper Trivia: Did you know that you can only fold a sheet of printer paper in half seven times? Give it a try. It doesn't matter how thick or thin the paper is, once you get to the seventh fold, the paper will not bend or budge.
Sun catchers. To create a translucent, stained glass ornaments effect, apply a bit of lemon oil to the back sides of paper ornaments to create a.
Hang the ornaments on trees, in windows, anywhere bright colorful decorations are desired.
Construct a large paper-tree for the wall with shades of green construction paper. Draw a large tree on a sheet of easel pad paper to tack onto a wall or other flat surface, then decorate with paper ornaments.