Monsters and Dragons

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Dragons Griffins and Monsters

Dragons are creatures portrayed in ancient mythologies of most cultures around the world. Dragons are portrayed both with wings and no wings. Dragons were thought to exist because ancient people would find dinosaur bones and assume, correctly, that fierce and powerful creatures once roamed the earth.

Archeological investigations reveal that the griffin, a legendary creature with the body of a lion and the head and wings of an eagle, might have actually existed as a fossilized remains of the Protoceratops dinosaur which has a similar form to the mythological creature.

As with any tall tale there is always a grain of truth so the legend of the dragon grew along with folk lore describing dragons as either benevolent guardians or fierce and destructive enemies.

The legends of dragons tie in with mythologies of winged gods from the heavens who came to Earth to create the human race. Dragons continue to be important symbols in many cultures today. Many movies contain dragons for our brave heros to defeat in order to save the girl from certain doom. Why dragons always seem to want virginal girls escapes me but I didn't write the stories.

These Dragons Sphinxes, Serpents, Griffins and other mythical monsters are renditions from photographs of statues and historical drawings in out of print text books.

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Dragons are winged beings portrayed in the ancient mythologies of most cultures around the world. The legends of dragons tie in with mythologies of winged gods from the heavens who came to Earth to create the human race. Dragons are very important symbols in many cultures today.

What Are Mythical Monsters?


Dragon and serpent worship developed in early Egyptian times. The message gradually spread to Babylon, India, the Orient, the Pacific Islands, and finally the North American continent. Dragon worship reached its peak during the days of the Roman empire.


The Japanese dragon legend is very similar to the Chinese dragon. The Japanese believe that the dragon originated in Japan. Japanese dragons have only 3 toes. They believe that the dragon has a tendency to travel and the farther it travels, the more toes it grows. The farther it dravels, the more toes it grows until it can no longer walk.


The Korean dragon legend is similar to the Japanese story of the dragon. They believe that the dragon began in Korea and has always had 4 toes. When the Korean dragon travels East or North, it loses toes. When it travels South or West it gains toes.


The Western dragon appears to be created from parts of various creatures, having eagle's feet and wings, lion's forelimbs and head, fish's scales, antelope's horns and a serpentine form of trunk and tail. The western dragon is supposedly the enemy of the sun and the moon, both in Eastern and Western mythology, and is believed to be responsible for eclipses. Eclipses occur when the dragon is attempting to swallow either the sun or the moon.


In Armenian traditions, the fire and lightning god had powers to stay the dragon's control of the heavens, as could thunderbolts in Macedonian myth. Dragons were believed to be the guardians of treasures in burial chambers.


In Greek legends, the dragon fought with the Titans and attacked Athena, who flung him into the heavens, where he became a constellation around the Pole Star.


In parts of Africa the dragon was considered an evil power, the monster was believed to be the result of an unnatural union of an eagle and a she-wolf.


In Scandinavian literature, Beowulf, a great Scandinavian warrior of the sixth century, was slain by a dragon.

The story of Beowulf, written in the 10th century A.D, exists in only one manuscript.


Chinese Dragons symbolize the Chinese people. Chinese people may refer to themselves "Lung Tik Chuan Ren" which means Descendents of the Dragon. Dragons are considered to be divine mythical creatures that bring ultimate abundance, prosperity and good fortune.

Chinese Year of the Dragon

Dragon personality Traits:

  • A Dragon person is self confident, impulsive and consequently does not always listen to the advice of others. A perfectionist who sets high personal standards. Although strong and decisive the Dragon is not manipulative or sly. A Dragon person refuses to deceive or compromise and fails to spot subversive intent. A Dragon person enjoys being in command.
  • Wood: The Wood Dragon is creative, imaginative, and inquisitive. Both a thinker and a doer, is capable of brilliant new concepts. Their every move is guided by logic. Their drive and ambition allow them to put many of their ideas into practice. The Wood Dragon tries not to offend and will compromise if it is advantages. The Wood Dragon is outspoken and fearless when challenged.
  • Fire: The Fire Dragon is extroverted and competitive. This Dragon tends to push hard and expects a lot in return. The Fire Dragon's criticisms are objective and tends to arouse popular support. The Fire Dragon can be short-tempered and intolerant
  • Earth: The Earth Dragon is a quieter, more reflective Dragon, who is appreciative of other's opinions even if they don't agree with them. The Earth Dragon is reasonable and not given to outbursts of temper, but at the same time demands respect. The Earth Dragon knows the value of cooperation and is more diplomatic than the other Dragons
  • Metal: The Metal Dragon is the most strong-willed Dragon. The Metal Dragon is inflexible, unbending and combative and gives little regard to the feelings of others. This ruthlessness can result in a rapid rise to a position of authority, but often at the cost of destroying important relationships. It is futile to attempt to convince The Metal Dragon that certain things are simply undoable. The Metal Dragon refuses to accept failure
  • Water: The Water Dragon is less selfish and opinionated than the other Dragons. The Water Dragon is more inhibited and less power-hungry and can accept defeat without recriminations. The Water Dragon is a good negotiator but has a tendency to be over-optimistic

Types of Chinese Dragons

There are nine types of Chinese dragons.

  1. Horned - The most powerful generalized type of Chinese dragon is the horned dragon, or lung. This dragon can produce rain and is totally deaf.
  2. Winged
  3. Celestial - which supports and protects the mansions of the gods
  4. Spiritual - which generates wind and rain for the benefit of mankind
  5. Dragon of hidden treasures - which keeps guard over concealed wealth
  6. Coiling - which lives in water
  7. Yellow - which once emerged from water and presented the legendary Emperor Fu Shi with the elements of writing
  8. Dragon - which actually consists of four separate dragons, each of which rules over one of the four seas, those of the east, south, west, and north
  9. Homeless (Ii) that lives in the ocean and another type (chiao) that is scale-covered and usually inhabits marshes but also keeps dens in the mountains.

There are also nine ways the Chinese have traditionally represented these dragons, revealing the different dragon characteristics.

Dragon images appear on:

  • Tops of bells and gongs, because of the beast's habit of calling loudly when attacked
  • Screws of fiddles, since most dragons are fond of music
  • Tops of stone tablets, because of dragons' love of literature
  • Bases of stone monuments, as dragons can support heavy weights
  • Eaves of temples, as dragons are ever alert to danger
  • Beams of bridges, since dragons are fond of water
  • Buddha's throne, as dragons like to rest
  • Hilts of swords, since dragons are known to be capable of slaughter
  • Prison gates, as these are dragons that are fond of quarreling and trouble making

The colors of Chinese dragons are variable, except in the case of the chiao which has its back striped with green, its sides yellow, and its belly crimson colored.

The nine major characteristics of a lung type dragon include:

  • a head like a camel
  • horns like a deer
  • eyes like a hare
  • ears like a bull
  • neck like an iguana
  • a belly like a frog
  • scales like a carp
  • paws like a tiger
  • claws like an eagle

It also has a pair of large canine teeth in its upper jaw. The long, tendril-like whiskers extending from either side of its mouth are probably used for feeling its way along the bottom of muddy ponds.

Dragon colors vary from greenish to golden, with a series of alternating short and long spines extending down the back and along the tail.

Some dragons are said to begin life as Carp fish that successfully jump rapids and leap over waterfalls, change into fish-dragons. One popular saying, "The carp has leaped through the dragon's gate," means success.

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Links to Dragon Websites

Materials To Keep On Hand

Paper Trivia: Did you know that you can only fold a sheet of printer paper in half seven times? Give it a try. It doesn't matter how thick or thin the paper is, once you get to the seventh fold, the paper will not bend or budge.

Sun catchers. To create a translucent, stained glass ornaments effect, apply a bit of lemon oil to the back sides of paper ornaments to create a.

Hang the ornaments on trees, in windows, anywhere bright colorful decorations are desired.

Construct a large paper-tree for the wall with shades of green construction paper. Draw a large tree on a sheet of easel pad paper to tack onto a wall or other flat surface, then decorate with paper ornaments.

  • Types of Paper:
    • Construction - many colors
    • Copier - many colors
    • Tissue
    • Crepe
    • Cardboard
    • Cardstock - many colors
    • Tracing
    • Water-color
    • Drawing
    • Onionskin
    • Paper tubes - TP tissue, paper towel and gift-wrap
    • Foam craft sheets - many colors
    • Magnet sheets - Make refrigerator magnets
    • Stiff Stencil - Paint repeating patterns on items, embroidery, latch-hook rug patterns
    • Felt sheets - Make filled or layered ornaments
  • Some Mediums & Tools to keep handy for the creative process.
    • Colorful Markers - fine to thick point
    • Wax Crayons - stock up around school sales
    • Water color sets - and plastic tablecloths
    • Chalk - many colors
    • Colored pencils - many colors
    • Tempura finger paints - primary colors - mixing to discover is half the fun
    • Paint brushes - fine tip to standard school size child's brush size at least.
    • Straws - paper not plastic
    • Tooth picks - age appropriate
    • Sponges - cut into shapes or purchase for blotting paint shapes
    • Needlepoint, embroidery thread and stretcher hoops
    • Puffy paint and glitter - to draw words, images and shapes on cloth
    • Wine corks
    • Celluclay - A handy pulverized paper product that resembles clay for paper mache'
    • Modeling clay - reusable, come in colors, good for making molds
    • Pottery clay - Only if you expect to use a kiln
    • Silicon molds and release spray
    • Wooden shapes - to paint for ornaments and gifts
    • Decal sheets for window decals
    • Cloth scrap pieces left overs from sewing
    • Clay modeling tools - ll sorts, combs, forks, dental picks, anything to make interesting cuts and patterns
    • Plain tee shirts